As Hemingway filed his news stories on the Spanish Civil War, he was also stowing away memories of the conflict for use in his fiction, and by early 1939, he was drawing on them to create the novel For Whom the Bell Tolls. Published the following year, the work was a best-seller from the outset, and more than one critic discussed its merits almost as if it was already a classic. One reviewer called it "the fullest, deepest, truest" book that Hemingway had ever written and predicted that it would eventually rank among "the major novels in American literature."
For Whom the Bell Tolls, 1940
Archibald S. Alexander '28 Collection of Hemingway,
Rare Books Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library, Princeton, New Jersey