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Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Usage Conditions Apply
Alternate Title
Study for unexecuted painting, The Big Three at Yalta
Artist
Douglas Granville Chandor, 20 Aug 1897 - 13 Jan 1953
Sitter
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 30 Jan 1882 - 12 Apr 1945
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, 30 Nov 1874 - 24 Jan 1965
Joseph Stalin, 21 Dec 1879 - Mar 1953
Date
1945
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
Sight: 110.5 x 90.2cm (43 1/2 x 35 1/2")
Frame: 136.2 x 115.9 x 7.6cm (53 5/8 x 45 5/8 x 3")
Topic
Costume\Jewelry\Ring
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigarette
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pencil
Costume\Outerwear\Cape
Preparatory sketch
Joseph Stalin: Male
Joseph Stalin: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Revolutionary
Joseph Stalin: Politics and Government\Foreign Leader\Dictator
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Male
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Literature\Writer
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Politics and Government\Foreign Leader\Prime Minister\Great Britain
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Nobel Prize
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Congressional Gold Medal
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Male
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-Presidential Candidate
Portrait
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
Object number
NPG.68.49
Exhibition Label
Thirty-second president, 1933–1945
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, whose presidency began in the throes of the Great Depression, led the United States out of its devastating financial crisis. During his first few months in office, he established the New Deal—a set of ambitious government programs that supported public works projects, put forth banking and business regulations, and offered other forms of federal relief. After the United States entered World War II in 1941, he decided to seek a third term, pointing out that one should never change horses in midstream. In the diplomatic summits with Britain’s Winston Churchill and the Soviet Union’s Joseph Stalin, Roosevelt not only prosecuted the war but helped lay the groundwork for the postwar world.
In March 1945, Douglas Chandor spent several days at the White House, where he made sketches for a group portrait of Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin to mark their conference the previous month at Yalta, a resort on the Black Sea. The artist wished the painting to be “a conversation about peace,” but it was never realized because Stalin refused to sit for the portrait. Chandor included the composition for the painting on this canvas, along with studies of Roosevelt’s hands.
32do presidente, 1933–1945
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, cuya presidencia comenzó en el caos de la Gran Depresión, guio a
Estados Unidos hacia la resolución de su devastadora crisis financiera. Durante sus primeros meses en el cargo, estableció el New Deal, una serie de ambiciosos programas gubernamentales que financiaban proyectos de construcción pública, establecían normas regulatorias para los bancos y las empresas, y ofrecían otros tipos de asistencia federal. Después de que Estados Unidos entrara en la Segunda Guerra Mundial, en 1941, Roosevelt decidió postularse por tercera vez, señalando que no se debía cambiar de comandante en mitad de la batalla. En las reuniones de mandatarios con Winston Churchill, de Gran Bretaña, y Josef Stalin, de la Unión Soviética, Roosevelt no solo se ocupaba de los asuntos bélicos, sino también contribuyó a sentar las bases para el mundo de la posguerra.
En marzo de 1945, Douglas Chandor pasó varios días en la Casa Blanca, donde hizo bocetos para un retrato grupal de Roosevelt, Churchill y Stalin que conmemoraría la conferencia del mes anterior en Yalta, un sitio vacacional a orillas del Mar Negro. El artista quería que la pintura fuera “una conversación sobre la paz”, pero nunca llegó a realizarse porque Stalin se negó a posar para el retrato. Chandor incluyó aquella composición en esta pintura. El cuadro también contiene estudios de las manos de Roosevelt..
Provenance
The artist; his wife Mrs. Douglas Chandor, Weatherford, Texas; purchased 1968 by NPG.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
Exhibition
America's Presidents (Reinstallation September 2017)
On View
NPG, West Gallery 210