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Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Artist
Anna Elizabeth Klumpke, 1856 - 1942
Sitter
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 12 Nov 1815 - 26 Oct 1902
Date
1889
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
Stretcher: 101 x 81.9 x 2.5cm (39 3/4 x 32 1/4 x 1")
Frame: 116.8 x 97.8 x 7cm (46 x 38 1/2 x 2 3/4")
Topic
Printed Material\Book
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Costume\Jewelry\Pin
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Female
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Literature\Writer\Magazine article
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Temperance
Portrait
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Museum of American History; gift of the National American Woman Suffrage Association through Mrs. Harriot Stanton Blatch, 1924
Restrictions & Rights
CC0
Object number
NPG.71.30
Exhibition Label
Born Johnstown, New York
Elizabeth Cady Stanton initiated the demand for women’s voting rights in 1848. The women’s suffrage movement began in earnest, however, after Stanton and Susan B. Anthony became enraged that the Fifteenth Amendment (1869–70) conferred suffrage on uneducated, formerly enslaved men but excluded white women. They made their position clear in 1869 by breaking off from the American Equal Rights Association, an abolitionist organization, to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Rather than changing individual state constitutions, they called for a federal amendment granting women the right to vote. Moreover, Stanton called for “Educated Suffrage,” which would limit voting rights to the literate, disqualifying most formerly enslaved African Americans and many poor, illiterate white people.
Stanton emphasized her own reading habits and intelligence in this portrait. Seated beside a hefty volume stacked with papers, her eyeglasses resting on her lap, she appears lost in serious contemplation.
Nacida en Johnstown, Nueva York
Elizabeth Cady Stanton inició el reclamo por el sufragio femenino en 1848. Sin embargo, el movimiento empezó a consolidarse cuando Stanton y Susan B. Anthony se indignaron porque la Enmienda 15 (1869–70) otorgaba el sufragio a hombres sin educación, antes esclavizados, pero excluía a las mujeres blancas. Dejaron clara su postura en 1869 al separarse de la Asociación Americana Pro Igualdad de Derechos, organización abolicionista, para formar la Asociación Nacional Americana Pro Sufragio de la Mujer. En vez de cambiar cada constitución estatal, pedían una enmienda federal que diera a las mujeres el derecho al voto. Stanton también abogó por el “sufragio educado”, que excluiría del voto a las personas analfabetas, descalificando a la mayoría de los afroamericanos antes esclavizados y a muchos blancos pobres.
Este retrato enfatiza los hábitos de lectura y la inteligencia de Stanton. Sentada junto a un libro voluminoso y una pila de papeles, con los lentes en el regazo, parece absorta en seria reflexión.
Provenance
National American Woman Suffrage Association; gift 1924 to Smithsonian; transferred 1971 to NPG.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
Exhibition
2022 Rehang of Out of Many: Portraits from 1600 to 1900
On View
NPG, East Gallery 123
Exhibition
Reconstruction Gallery
On View
NPG, East Gallery 123