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Nixon's Shattered Presidency

Nixon
Usage Conditions Apply
Artist
Walter Bennett, born 1921
Paul S. Conklin, c. 1929 - 2003
Sitter
John Bayard Anderson, 15 Feb 1922 - 3 Dec 2017
John Jacob Rhodes, 18 Sep 1916 - 24 Aug 2003
Richard Schultz Schweiker, 1 Jun 1926 - 31 Jul 2015
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr., 11 Nov 1900 - 21 Jul 1994
Date
1974
Type
Photograph
Medium
Photos
Dimensions
Sight: 49.5 x 39.4cm (19 1/2 x 15 1/2")
Topic
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Printed Material\Newspaper
John Bayard Anderson: Male
John Bayard Anderson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Bayard Anderson: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate
John Bayard Anderson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois
John Jacob Rhodes: Male
John Jacob Rhodes: Politics and Government\US Senator\Minority Leader
John Jacob Rhodes: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Arizona
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Male
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business executive
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Health and Human Services
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Lobbyist
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Seaman
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr.: Male
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr.: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr.: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr.: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Officer
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr.: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania
Portrait
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
Object number
NPG.78.TC647
Exhibition Label
When Republican congressmen John Rhodes and Hugh Scott Jr. encouraged President Richard Nixon to resign in August 1974, the Watergate scandal reached its conclusion. They had supported him until the transcripts of forty-six tapes of Nixon’s Oval Office conversations were released in April 1974. Scott—the Senate minority leader—reacted bitterly, calling them “a shabby, disgusting, immoral performance.” The Judiciary Committee subpoenaed the two tapes from June 23, 1972, with gaps of erased conversation, which Arizona Representative and House Minority Leader Rhodes referred to as the “smokin’ gun.”
Rhodes and Scott accompanied Barry Goldwater to the White House on August 7, 1974, to ask Nixon to resign. Richard Schweiker and John Anderson, congressional representatives from Pennsylvania and Illinois, respectively, echoed their request. It had become obvious to all that, were Nixon to be tried by the Senate, he would be found guilty. Nixon announced his resignation on August 8, 1974.
Cuando los congresistas republicanos John Rhodes y Hugh Scott Jr. alentaron al presidente Richard Nixon a dimitir en agosto de 1974, el escándalo de Watergate llegó a su fin. Lo habían apoyado hasta que se hicieron públicas las transcripciones de cuarenta y seis cintas de las conversaciones de Nixon en el despacho oval en abril de 1974. Scott—líder de la minoría en el Senado—reaccionó implacablemente, tachándolas de “espectáculo malvado, desagradable e inmoral”. La Comisión Judicial reclamó como prueba las dos cintas del 23 de junio de 1972, con los intervalos de conversación borrados, a las que Rhodes, representante por Arizona y líder de la minoría en el Congreso, se refirió como “la pistola humeante”.
Rhodes y Scott acompañaron a Barry Goldwater a la Casa Blanca el 7 de agosto de 1974, para pedirle a Nixon que dimitiera. Richard Schweiker y John Anderson, representantes de Pensilvania e Illinois en el Congreso, respectivamente, se hicieron eco de su petición. Era obvio para todos que, si el Senado llevaba a Nixon a juicio, lo declararía culpable. Nixon anunció su dimisión el 8 de agosto de 1974.
Collection Description
In 1978, Time magazine donated approximately eight hundred works of original cover art to the National Portrait Gallery. The museum is dedicated to telling the stories of individuals who have shaped the United States, and the Time Collection—featuring prominent international figures and events—enriches our understanding of the United States in a global context.
En 1978, la revista Time donó a la National Portrait Gallery cerca de 800 obras de arte originales creadas para sus portadas. Nuestro museo se dedica a narrar la historia de figuras que han contribuido a forjar el desarrollo de Estados Unidos, y es así que la Colección Time, que incluye retratos de importantes personalidades internacionales, nos ayuda a comprender mejor a nuestra nación en un contexto global.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery