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Sarah Winnemucca

Sarah Winnemucca
Artist
Norval H. Busey, 1845 - after 1926
Sitter
Sarah Winnemucca, c. 1844 - 16 Oct 1891
Date
1883
Type
Photograph
Medium
Albumen silver print
Dimensions
Image/Sheet: 17.8 × 10.2 cm (7 × 4")
Mount: 21 × 10.2 cm (8 1/4 × 4")
Mat: 45.7 × 35.6 cm (18 × 14")
Topic
Costume\Headgear\Headdress
Costume\Jewelry\Earring
Costume\Jewelry\Ring
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace\Bead
Baggage & Luggage\Bag
Interior\Studio\Photography
Costume\Footwear\Shoes\Moccasins
Sarah Winnemucca: Female
Sarah Winnemucca: Literature\Writer
Sarah Winnemucca: Education\Educator\Teacher
Sarah Winnemucca: Communications\Translator
Sarah Winnemucca: Native American Distinction\Leader
Sarah Winnemucca: Native American Distinction\Guide
Portrait
Place
United States\Maryland\Baltimore Independent City\Baltimore
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions & Rights
CC0
Object number
NPG.82.137
Exhibition Label
Born near Humboldt Lake, Mexico (now Nevada)
Sarah Winnemucca (whose birth name was Thoc-me-tony) was a nationally recognized advocate for Native American rights. Adept in five languages, she used her verbal skills to mediate diplomatic exchanges between her Northern Paiute community and U.S. government officials. In the early 1880s, she visited the White House and the U.S. Capitol to protest the Paiutes’ forced relocation to Yakama Reservation in Washington state. She also delivered hundreds of speeches detailing the mistreatment of Indigenous communities and wrote Life among the Piutes (1883), the first autobiography published by a Native American woman.
Studio photographs such as this helped Winnemucca publicize her cause. It was made in Baltimore, where she delivered approximately sixty-six lectures in 1884. A final trip east in 1887 failed to attract funding for the school Winnemucca had established for Paiute children. Discouraged, she confessed to a supporter, “It is useless for me to try to stand against the World.”
Nacida cerca del lago Humboldt, México (hoy Nevada)
Sarah Winnemucca (cuyo nombre original era Thoc-me-tony) se dio a conocer nacionalmente como defensora de los derechos de los nativos americanos. Versada en cinco idiomas, utilizó sus destrezas verbales para mediar en gestiones diplomáticas entre su comunidad de Paiutes del Norte y el gobierno de EE.UU. A principios de la década de 1880 visitó la Casa Blanca y el Capitolio para protestar por el traslado forzoso de los paiutes a la Reservación Yakama en el estado de Washington. También pronunció numerosos discursos sobre el maltrato de las comunidades indígenas y escribió La vida entre los piutes (1883), primera autobiografía publicada por una mujer nativa americana.
Fotos de estudio como esta ayudaron a Winnemucca a promocionar su causa. La foto se tomó en Baltimore, donde ella ofreció unas 66 conferencias en 1884. En su último viaje al este, en 1887, no logró obtener fondos para su escuela de niños paiutes. Desanimada, confesó a un seguidor: “Es inútil tratar de luchar contra el mundo”.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
Exhibition
2022 Rehang of Out of Many: Portraits from 1600 to 1900
On View
NPG, East Gallery 141