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José Clemente Orozco

José Clemente Orozco
Usage Conditions Apply
Artist
Aline Fruhauf, 1907 - 1978
Sitter
José Clemente Orozco, 23 Nov 1883 - 7 Sep 1949
Date
1933
Type
Drawing
Medium
India ink on paper
Dimensions
Image: 11.6 × 11.7cm (4 9/16 × 4 5/8")
Sheet: 25.6 × 19.3cm (10 1/16 × 7 5/8")
Topic
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Caricature
José Clemente Orozco: Visual Arts\Artist
José Clemente Orozco: Male
José Clemente Orozco: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\Muralist
Portrait
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Erwin Vollmer
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
Copyright
© Estate of Aline Fruhauf
Object number
NPG.83.267
Exhibition Label
Born Jalisco, Mexico
Together with Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros, José Clemente Orozco was a member of “Los tres grandes,” who through their monumental mural paintings in Mexican government buildings pioneered the first modern public art movement of the Americas. Orozco started his artistic career as a caricaturist for newspapers and an army illustrator during the Mexican Revolutionary War (1910–20). Early on, he had developed an aesthetic and subject matter that were dramatic, often violent, and always committed to human values.
In the wake of the Great Depression and the emergence of the New Deal, Mexican Muralism became a model for democratic, uplifting art that informed the work of such American artists as Ben Shahn. Orozco’s best-known U.S. commissions include Prometheus at Pomona College, California, and the mural cycle The Epic of American Civilization at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire.
Nacido en Jalisco, México
Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros y José Clemente Orozco fueron “los tres grandes” del muralismo mexicano, cuyas monumentales pinturas en edificios públicos inauguraron el movimiento del arte público moderno en las Américas. Orozco comenzó su carrera haciendo caricaturas en la prensa y como ilustrador para el ejército insurrecto durante la Revolución Mexicana (1910–20). Desde temprano desarrolló una estética y temática de gran dramatismo, a menudo violenta, y siempre comprometida con lo valores humanos.
En tiempos de la Gran Depresión y el New Deal, el muralismo mexicano se convirtió en modelo de un arte democrático e inspirador que influyó en artistas estadounidenses como Ben Shahn. Entre las obras encargadas a Orozco en Estados Unidos se destacan Prometeo en Pomona College, California, y el ciclo mural Épica de la civilización americana en Dartmouth College, New Hampshire.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery