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John Roy Lynch

John Roy Lynch
Artist
Charles Milton Bell, 03 Apr 1848 - 12 May 1893
Sitter
John Roy Lynch, 10 Sep 1847 - 2 Nov 1939
Date
c. 1882
Type
Photograph
Medium
Albumen silver print
Dimensions
Image/Sheet: 14.8 × 10.1 cm (5 13/16 × 4")
Mount: 16.3 × 10.5 cm (6 7/16 × 4 1/8")
Mat: 45.7 × 35.6 cm (18 × 14")
Topic
Interior
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Goatee
Photographic format\Cabinet card
John Roy Lynch: Male
John Roy Lynch: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Roy Lynch: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer
John Roy Lynch: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
John Roy Lynch: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Mississippi
John Roy Lynch: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer
John Roy Lynch: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Mississippi
John Roy Lynch: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Real Estate Agent
John Roy Lynch: Law and Law Enforcement\Justice of the Peace
John Roy Lynch: Society and Social Change\Enslaved person
Portrait
Place
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions & Rights
CC0
Object number
NPG.89.190
Exhibition Label
Born near Vidalia, Louisiana
Among the leading African American statesmen during Reconstruction, John Roy Lynch was born in slavery and later sold with his mother and siblings to an enslaver in Natchez, Mississippi. Liberated when Union forces reached Natchez in 1863, Lynch strove to educate himself and soon developed a passion for parliamentary law and politics. Advocating Republican Party initiatives for the advancement of Black people in the South, Lynch spoke persuasively in support of the new Mississippi state constitution, which extended voting rights to African American men. Elected to the state legislature in 1869, he served as speaker of the house during his second term.
In 1873, at the age of twenty-six, Lynch became the first African American to represent Mississippi in the U.S. House of Representatives. He helped win passage of the long-contested Civil Rights Act of 1875, ensuring equal treatment regardless of race, which Lynch deemed “an act of simple justice.”
Nacido cerca de Vidalia, Luisiana
John Roy Lynch, uno de los principales políticos afroamericanos de la Reconstrucción, nació esclavo y fue vendido con su madre y hermanos a un hacendado de Natchez, Misisipi. Liberado cuando las fuerzas de la Unión llegaron a Natchez en 1863, Lynch se esforzó por educarse y pronto se apasionó por el derecho parlamentario y la política. Abogando por iniciativas del Partido Republicano para el progreso de los afroamericanos en el sur, Lynch defendió la nueva constitución de Misisipi, que extendía el derecho al voto a los hombres negros. Elegido para la legislatura estatal en 1869, presidió la cámara durante su segundo término.
En 1873, a la edad de 26 años, Lynch fue el primer afroamericano que representó a Misisipi en la Cámara de Representantes de EE.UU. Allí impulsó la Ley de Derechos Civiles de 1875, largamente debatida, que garantizaba el trato igual, sin distinción de raza, lo cual Lynch consideraba “un simple acto de justicia”.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
Exhibition
2022 Rehang of Out of Many: Portraits from 1600 to 1900
On View
NPG, East Gallery 123
Exhibition
Reconstruction Gallery
On View
NPG, East Gallery 123