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Enemies of our Union

Enemies of our Union
Artist
Louis Prang Lithography Company, active 1856 - 1899
Sitter
Jefferson Davis, 3 Jun 1808 - 6 Dec 1889
Alexander Hamilton Stephens, 11 Feb 1812 - 4 Mar 1883
Joseph Eggleston Johnston, 3 Feb 1807 - 21 Mar 1891
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, 28 May 1818 - 20 Feb 1893
John Bankhead Magruder, 1810 - 1871
Ben McCulloch, 1808 - 1895
George Nichols Hollins, 1799 - 1878
Sterling Price, 20 Sep 1809 - 29 Sep 1867
William Joseph Hardee, 12 Oct 1815 - 6 Nov 1873
Albert Sidney Johnston, 2 Feb 1803 - 6 Apr 1862
Henry Alexander Wise, 3 Dec 1806 - 12 Sep 1876
Robert Edward Lee, 19 Jan 1807 - 12 Oct 1870
John Buchanan Floyd, 01 Jun 1806 - 26 Aug 1863
John Slidell, 1793 - 29 Jul 1871
James Murray Mason, 3 Nov 1798 - 28 Apr 1871
Date
1862
Type
Print
Medium
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions
Image: 18.3 × 23.6 cm (7 3/16 × 9 5/16")
Sheet: 35.8 × 28 cm (14 1/8 × 11")
Topic
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard
Costume\Dress Accessory\Epaulet
Jefferson Davis: Male
Jefferson Davis: Literature\Writer
Jefferson Davis: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Jefferson Davis: Military\Soldier
Jefferson Davis: Politics and Government\Confederate President
Jefferson Davis: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Mississippi
Jefferson Davis: Politics and Government\US Senator\Mississippi
Jefferson Davis: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War
Jefferson Davis: Politics and Government\Governor\Mississippi
Robert Edward Lee: Male
Robert Edward Lee: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Confederate
Robert Edward Lee: Education\Administrator\College\President
John Buchanan Floyd: Male
John Buchanan Floyd: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Buchanan Floyd: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Confederate
John Buchanan Floyd: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard: Male
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard: Literature\Writer
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard: Military\Army\Officer\General
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Confederate
Joseph Eggleston Johnston: Male
Joseph Eggleston Johnston: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Confederate
Alexander Hamilton Stephens: Male
Alexander Hamilton Stephens: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Alexander Hamilton Stephens: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper
Alexander Hamilton Stephens: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Georgia
Alexander Hamilton Stephens: Politics and Government\Governor\Georgia
Alexander Hamilton Stephens: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Georgia
Alexander Hamilton Stephens: Politics and Government\Confederate Vice President
Sterling Price: Male
Sterling Price: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Sterling Price: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War
Sterling Price: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Missouri
Sterling Price: Politics and Government\Governor\Missouri
Sterling Price: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Missouri
John Bankhead Magruder: Male
John Bankhead Magruder: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War
Ben McCulloch: Male
George Nichols Hollins: Male
George Nichols Hollins: Military\Navy\Officer
George Nichols Hollins: Military\Navy\Officer\Civil War\Confederate
William Joseph Hardee: Male
William Joseph Hardee: Literature\Writer
William Joseph Hardee: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Confederate
William Joseph Hardee: Military\Army\Officer\Mexican War
Albert Sidney Johnston: Male
Albert Sidney Johnston: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Confederate
Henry Alexander Wise: Male
Henry Alexander Wise: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Henry Alexander Wise: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Confederate
Henry Alexander Wise: Literature\Writer\Biographer
Henry Alexander Wise: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Henry Alexander Wise: Politics and Government\US Congressman\West Virginia
Henry Alexander Wise: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
John Slidell: Male
John Slidell: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Slidell: Politics and Government\Diplomat
John Slidell: Politics and Government\Confederate Official
John Slidell: Politics and Government\US Senator\Louisiana
John Slidell: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Louisiana
James Murray Mason: Male
James Murray Mason: Politics and Government\Diplomat
James Murray Mason: Politics and Government\US Senator\Virginia
James Murray Mason: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
Portrait
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions & Rights
CC0
Object number
S/NPG.84.401
Exhibition Label
Published in Boston in 1862, this lithograph provided curious Northerners with portraits of fifteen Confederate leaders whose names dominated the newspapers. The print’s title, Enemies of Our Union, makes clear its intention to disparage, rather than celebrate, the individuals represented. The title also exemplifies early framing of the Civil War exclusively in terms of preserving the Union.
While prints of Northern military heroes proliferated, inadequate printmaking supplies and presses in the South constrained the production of wartime portraits of Confederate leaders. This lithograph was, therefore, something of a rarity. The printmaker, Louis Prang, was adept at capitalizing on the war’s commercial opportunities. In the immediate aftermath of important military actions, he produced battlefield maps that allowed Northern newspaper readers to follow events in the South. His War Telegram Marking Map came with red and blue pencils for tracking the movements of Union and Confederate troops as reported by telegraphic communications.
Publicada en Boston en 1862, esta litografía quiso saciar la curiosidad de los norteños con retratos de 15 líderes confederados cuyos nombres dominaban los periódicos. El título de la imagen, Enemigos de nuestra Unión, deja clara la intención de menospreciar, no celebrar, a los representados y evidencia que el enfoque inicial de la Guerra Civil era únicamente preservar la Unión.
Si bien abundaban las imágenes de héroes militares norteños, la falta de materiales de imprenta en el sur limitaba la producción de retratos de los líderes confederados. Esta litografía era, por lo tanto, una rareza. El impresor, Louis Prang, supo aprovechar las oportunidades comerciales de la guerra. Justo después de alguna acción militar importante, producía mapas de los campos de batalla que permitían a los lectores norteños seguir lo que pasaba en el sur. Su Mapa para trazar la guerra según los telegramas venía con lápices rojos y azules para trazar los movimientos de las tropas de la Unión y la Confederación según se reportaban por telégrafo.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
Exhibition
2022 Rehang of Out of Many: Portraits from 1600 to 1900
On View
NPG, East Gallery 111